The Kilobots are being produced and distributed by a dedicated team at Harvard University.
The Kilobots designed to make tests of algorithms (on hundreds or thousands of robots) accessible to robotics researchers across the world.
Although the bots are low-cost, they’re collective intelligence and abilities are similar to that of other species of collective robots. These abilities include; differential drive locomotion, on-board computation power, neighbor-to-neighbor communication, neighbor-to-neighbor distance sensing and ambient light sensing.
What makes them really special is their method of control; they are designed not to require any individual attention and are programed through infrared signals; passing instructions among themselves in an organised and symbiotic fashion. This means there is no difference between programming 10 robots or 1000.
For more information on the swarming abilities of the Kilobot visit their website.